The Green and Gold Frog (Litoria raniformis) is a large frog (up to 80 mm long) which occurs in Tasmania and south-eastern mainland Australia. Despite the name, its coloration varies considerably, but all adults have a pale green stripe down the middle of the back and turquoise thighs. In Tasmania, the species occurs in lowland areas in the south-east and north, breeding in permanent freshwater lagoons, generally with emergent vegetation. The mating call is a very distinctive series of grunts and growls. This is the only Tasmanian frog which can be seen ‘basking’ out of water, amongst vegetation or on rocks and logs. It has declined significantly (over 20%) in range and abundance over the last 10 years, having disappeared from the Midlands, Derwent Valley, much of the Hobart region and parts of the north-west coast. The main threats to the Green and Gold Frog are clearing and draining of wetland and lagoon habitat for agriculture and housing, degradation of habitat through trampling by stock, chytrid fungus disease, and drought.