The Orange-bellied Parrot (Neophema crysogaster) is a migratory bird, which breeds only in coastal south-west Tasmania and spends the winter in coastal Victoria and South Australia. The Orange-bellied Parrot is about 45 g in weight, bright grass-green above and mostly yellow below, with a bright orange patch in the centre of the lower belly. Birds arrive in Tasmania's south west in early October and depart after the breeding season usually in March and April. In the breeding range, the species feeds on the mature flowers, fruits and seeds of a range of grasses, chenopods and herbs, and prefers sedgelands which have not been burned for between 3-15 years. Nesting takes place in hollows in eucalypt trees, which grow adjacent to its feeding areas. The species’ current breeding range is a narrow coastal strip of south-west Tasmania near Melaleuca. After breeding, migrating birds move northwards up the west coast via King Island to the mainland, during which time they are reliant on the seeds of a range of coastal and saltmarsh plants but are also known to utilise exotic plants, particularly in degraded pasture adjacent to saltmarshes. Numbers of Orange-bellied Parrots have declined from perhaps several thousand in the late 1800's to less than 50 birds. Threats to the species include past and ongoing loss and degradation of habitat (including non-breeding habitat), loss of genetic diversity and inbreeding, stochastic environmental events, and predators and competitors.